FAQ: Questions and answers all around the coronavirus
Quelle: WFB GmbH - DGL
Questions & Answers
Any further easing of the regulations requires that citizens take personal responsibility. Even if life gradually feels "more normal" again – the pandemic is not over! Continue to be vigilant, sensible and considerate; keep the minimum distance, comply with the hygiene regulations and wear a mouth-and-nose cover in order to protect others.
1. Is there an obligation to wear masks in Bremen?
Yes, it is mandatory to wear a mouth-and-nose cover when using local public transport and while shopping. This also applies to pharmacies, petrol stations, banks and post offices. Scarves, shawls, bandanas and homemade masks of cotton or other suitable materials are also deemed appropriate. Excluded are children under the age of seven and persons who cannot wear a mouth-and-nose cover due to health issues or disability. In this case, it would be helpful to carry the disability card or medical certificate with you to avoid questions or discussions in the specific situation. However, an exceptional permission from the public order office is not required.
Note: As of now, wearing masks is no longer obligatory at weekly farmers’ markets.
2. Are the sports grounds open again? And what about fitness centres?
Exercise and sports in the fresh air are possible again on public sports facilities and club-owned facilities as well as in the public space (e.g. the Bürgerpark), either on your own or together with a second person, subject to a minimum distance of 1.5 metres. However, there are also special requirements in this regard. Under certain circumstances, fitness centres, dance studios, indoor playgrounds and sports halls may also open subject to conditions. In these places, showers shall remain closed for the time being. Sanitary facilities may only be made available subject to conditions, for instance if sufficient disinfectants are held ready.
3. I am planning a small party at my house. What do I have to comply with?
Private celebrations in apartments and in one’s own garden are permitted again from 1 June 2020 onwards. Events of all kinds are permitted within buildings with up to 20 people. In the open air, up to 50 people are possible. However, both kinds of events require that the minimum distance is guaranteed and that a hygiene concept is drawn up.
4. Am I allowed to go to the hairdresser once again?
Yes. Hairdressers are open. Foot care, nail studios, barbers, tattoo and beauty parlours are allowed to open subject to strict hygiene regulations.
5. What do I have to comply with if I visit a restaurant, a café or a pub?
Pubs and restaurants (gastronomic establishments) are allowed to open subject to strict requirements. There is an obligation to sit, a ban on sitting at the counter and an obligation to be served by a waiter/waitress. Every guest must leave his name and contact details. The data will be stored for three weeks. The same applies to the documentation of the time at which a guest enters and leaves the premises of the catering establishment. In this manner, a possible chain of infection can be traced. If possible, tables should be reserved and assigned in advance; there is no obligation to make a reservation. Without a distance of 1.5 m, only guests from no more than two households may sit at one table. This may be two people or more, depending on the size of the household.
6. May I go to the playground again with my children?
Yes, that is possible again. Of course, the contact restrictions as well as the hygiene and distance regulations also apply here - on the playground equipment, on the benches and during play. In addition, children may only be at playgrounds when accompanied by a parent or guardian. Birthday celebrations, barbecues and picnics are prohibited. If the playground is full – please refrain from entering it for the sake of protecting us all. Opening the playgrounds is a step back to normality – but it is also a risk.
7. Is it possible to attend church service?
Citizens of Bremen may visit churches, synagogues, mosques and other religious institutions for prayer and worship. The conditions include strict hygiene and distance regulations. Recommended are disinfectant dispensers in the entrance halls or other adequate washing facilities, a 1.5 metre distance between people and no joint singing. Baptisms, weddings and similar events may only be attended by very closely related persons, with a total of 20 persons at the most. Funerals may only be attended by very close family members and friends. The maximum number of people permitted is 50.
8. Who am I allowed to go out with?
Since 13 May, contact prohibitions have been slightly loosened. Now, people from two households are also allowed to meet in public, e.g. two families, two different flat-sharing communities or two couples. Still, a distance of at least 1.5 metres must be maintained wherever possible from persons other than those mentioned above. The circle of people with whom you meet should be as small and constant as possible: also in your own apartment and on your own property.
9. Who is part of my family?
Family is to be understood as both classical and modern forms of life. Families include married and unmarried couples, patchwork families as well as grandparents, parents, children, siblings and children of siblings.
Here as well, however, we call on you: Be careful and limit contact with other people to what is necessary in order to minimise the risk of infection as much as possible. Every visit is a renewed risk of infecting yourself and others, even if you yourself are still without symptoms. Protect older people and those who are part of a risk group. The mere fact that you are a family does not protect anyone from infection.
10. Is it possible to visit my grandmother, my father, my close relatives in a nursing home, a retirement home or a hospice?
Visits are permitted again subject to very strict conditions. The prerequisite is that the facility has presented a hygiene concept. Please get in touch in advance directly with the facility and clarify the requirements for a visit. For example, the number of visitors and the duration of visits are limited.
11. Which events are permitted?
From 1 June 2020 onwards, small celebrations and events in the open air with up to 50 people and in closed rooms with up to 20 people are possible. The organiser must draw up a concept showing that a minimum distance of 1.5 metres between participants can be maintained. Hand hygiene measures or ventilation concepts for closed rooms are also considered to be possible measures of such a concept. The concept must be presented on request.
Large-scale events such as public/folk festivals, major sporting events with spectators, major concerts, festivals, street, wine, shooting or funfair events are prohibited at least until 31 August 2020.
Attendance courses may take place at adult education centres, driving or flying schools, adult education institutions, neighbourhood education institutions, music schools and other public or private institutions for vocational education, further education and advanced training. As a matter of course, the distance and hygiene regulations are also applicable there. For singing and sports lessons or comparable offers, an area of at least 10 square metres per person must be made available.The facilities must maintain a hygiene plan and update it if necessary.
12. Which facilities may not be opened to the public?
- Shisha bars, clubs, discotheques, festival halls and similar facilities
- Saunas, swimming and indoor adventure pools and similar facilities
- Cinemas, theatres, operas, concert halls (except for drive-in cinemas and drive-in theatres)
- Prostitution facilities, brothels and similar facilities
13. Are all shops open again? Are there any restrictions?
All shops are allowed to open again, including the larger ones with a sales area of more than 800 square metres. Shopping centres are also allowed to reopen their doors if they present appropriate security concepts that include the applicable legal regulations, such as distance requirements, hygiene rules or the avoidance of resting zones. The following facilities will also be open:
- Museums, exhibitions, galleries, memorial sites
- Zoos and botanic gardens
- Libraries and archives
- Tourist offers, leisure activities such as guided tours of the city, boat trips etc. subject to a protection and hygiene concept
- Special markets (such as flea markets)
- Indoor playgrounds
- Gambling halls and betting brokers
In any event, the following rules apply:
- wearing of a mouth-and-nose cover,
- hygienic protection of cashiers,
- compliance with the minimum distance of 1.5 metres,
- restriction of access,
- avoiding queues and gatherings of people (e.g. blocking of seating possibilities), to avoid the risk of infections.
14. Do I have to present a concept as a retailer? Do I have to get this concept approved first of all?
Retailers do not have to present a concept. They must, however, expect checks and reviews. Deficiencies will be objected to. If deficiencies are not remedied, fines may be imposed. Ultimately, the shop may also be closed.
The operators of shopping centres must submit a hygiene concept to the public order office at email@example.com
15. Are there restrictions for service providers and craftsmen/craftswomen?
Services may be provided at the customer's premises.
For individual customer traffic (e.g. medical, psychological healing and assistance services, freelancers), individual appointments must be made. The distance between customers of at least 1.5 metres must be maintained; this also applies to waiting areas. A mask must be worn at work, and hands must be washed after each servicing of a customer. A hygiene plan must be drawn up and presented to the public order office on request.
16. Am I allowed to accommodate guests on my camping site, in my hotel or in my holiday home?
Guests are welcome again, but subject to special conditions.
17. Does the statutory ordinance also apply to demonstrations?
Public or non-public assemblies according to Article 8 of the Basic Constitutional Law are exempt from the prohibition. Unless a rush or spontaneous meeting is concerned, they must be reported to the competent assembly authority by telephone, in writing or by e-mail at least 48 hours before they are announced. Since persons who are ill, suspected of being ill or suspected of being infected have already been identified in Bremen, the competent authority may prohibit, restrict or impose conditions on the assembly.
18. Looking ahead to warmer weather. Am I allowed to swim in the lake?
Staying at freely accessible swimming lakes is currently permitted. No rules are in place either to prevent swimming in lakes at the present time, provided that contact restrictions and minimum distances are also observed there. The first outdoor swimming pools will open presumably from 1 June onwards subject to hygienic conditions. Indoor swimming pools will open presumably from 1 July 2020 onwards.
19. What will happen if I do not comply with the prohibitions?
Infringements may be punished through fines, monetary penalties or imprisonment of up to two years or five years respectively.
In case of non-observance or infringement of the statutory ordinance, there is a possibility of applying direct coercion (pursuant to § 11 et seqq. of the Bremen Administrative Enforcement Act). This means that the guests / participants may be banned from the venue, and that the venue or establishment may be closed.
The catalogue of fines is available here.
20. What will happen after 12 June 2020?
The situation is reassessed continuously. The federal state government will inform the public, before the current regulation expires, as to whether an adjustment of the measures or an extension of the time frame is necessary. In this context, the focus is on the health of the population.
21. Where can I find the statutory ordinance?
The current statutory ordinance can be found here.
22. Who is entitled to compensation pursuant to §§ 56 of the German Infection Protection Act?
The following groups of persons in particular are entitled to compensation:
- persons infected with coronavirus (if there was no sick note);
- Category I Contact Persons;
- returnees from international risk areas according to classification by the Robert Koch Institute (RKI);
- persons having care and custody rights who cannot pursue their professions because day-care centres or schools have been closed temporarily by order of the public authorities.
Statutory ordinance in simple language
The statutory ordinance is available for download as a PDF file in a simple language version.
Catalogue of fines
Violations of the applicable regulations on dealing with the coronavirus are subject to a fine. The penalties are listed in the catalogue of fines.